The Global Epidemic of Diseases
of Modern Civilisation

By Brane Žilavec, Easter 2020
Modified: 21 April 2021

In the times we live in now we can often hear various apocalyptic predictions of the end of humanity. Among the most ‘popular’ are: end of our civilisation due to large meteorite hitting the Earth; demise of human race due to overpopulation and depletion of natural resources; triggering the war between USA and Russia that will lead to nuclear Armageddon. My inner response is always the same: “Yes, these things might happen. But, what about something which is already happening on a grand scale all over the globe: the dramatic rise of diseases which will – if it continues with unabated tempo – sooner or later bring the economy of the whole world to collapse due to the simple reason that there will not be enough healthy people left to take care of ALL those who will be ILL?!” [1]

THE REALITY OF THE APOCALYPTIC SCOPE
OF THE PRESENT PANDEMIC OF DISEASES

If we look at available statistics about various forms of illnesses on a global scale or in different countries we will not arrive at very pleasant picture at all. For example, “in 2015, there were an estimated 422.7 million cases of cardiovascular diseases[2] in the whole world. “In the UK, pacemaker implantation is one of the most common types of heart surgery carried out, with many thousands of pacemakers fitted each year.” [3] One person who has received pacemaker wrote after surgery: “Within 30 minutes I’d joined the swelling army of pacemaker people – some 388,000 a year have them fitted in this country alone. That is more than the population of Bournemouth every year.” [4] This was in the year 2005 in the UK with a population of around 60 million.

Let’s take another example. “There were 17 million new cases of cancer worldwide in 2018. The four most common cancers occurring worldwide are lung, female breast, bowel and prostate cancer.” [5] Please note that this is not the number of all people diagnosed with cancer, but new cases of cancer only! On top of this “it is predicted there will be 27.5 million new cancer cases worldwide each year by 2040, if recent trends in incidence of major cancers and population growth are seen globally in the future. This is an increase of 61.7% from 2018.” [6]

The third example is diabetes. “In 2019, approximately 463 million adults (20-79 years) were living with diabetes; by 2045 this will rise to 700 million. The proportion of people with type 2 diabetes is increasing in most countries… In 2019, diabetes caused 4.2 million deaths and at least 760 billion US dollars in health expenditure – 10% of total spending on adults. More than 1.1 million children and adolescents are living with type 1 diabetes,” [7] the advanced stage of insulin-dependent diabetes that demands treatment with insulin injections. This type of diabetes was in the past common only among adults and old people.

Let’s look now at the disorders of the digestive tract, such as inflammatory bowel syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, gall bladder disease, indigestion, etc. In the year 2002 there were more than 3 million visits to GPs every month in UK due to these digestive disorders. [8] More recent data shows that “as many as 86% of all British adults have suffered some form of gastrointestinal problem or ailment” [9] in the period from February 2015 to February 2016. This is about 4.6 million per month.

We will finish this short survey of the affliction caused by diseases with obesity – by definition of WHO “an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health”. According to WHO “worldwide obesity has nearly tripled since 1975. In 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 650 million were obese. 40 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese in 2018. Over 340 million children and adolescents aged 5-19 were overweight or obese in 2016.” [10]

We could go on and on with such alarming statistics, but what has been presented above should suffice to demonstrate that we are in the midst of extraordinary crisis in regard to the state of human health on the global scale. This is also clear from the following chart: [11]

The total number of all deaths in the year 2017 was 56 million. If we sum up all diseases and forms of malnutrition in the above chart, we get slightly more than 50 million. All other causes – road injuries, suicide, homicide, drowning, alcohol and drug use disorders, conflict, fire, poisoning, exposure to extreme heat or cold, terrorism and natural disasters – have caused ‘only’ about 6 million. This means that the possibility to die from a disease is more than eight times likely than the possibility to die from all other causes of death combined!

We can make another calculation. As it is more than probable that these numbers have not decreased in the last few years, we can spread 50 million deaths from various types of diseases and malnutrition over the year and come to the result that in average about 137.000 people die each day from diseases. Is not this something that should ring the alarm bells of all politicians and professionals in the medical field who are genuinely concerned about saving human lives? And not just lives, for all those diseases are causing enormous amounts of suffering which could be decreased or even alleviated if there would be a willingness to collaborate with all who can contribute something positive to healing of the modern humanity – not just those who work inside privileged fields of allopathic medicine, but all professionals of complementary, traditional and alternative medical practices.

The present corona pandemic can be experienced from various perspectives. One could argue that people in medical and political establishments are finally sounding the alarm with the aim to awaken humanity to the serious crisis of the overburdened medical sector due to pandemic of diseases. However, this cannot be their true motive. For those who have contributed to a great extent to the present global pandemic of diseases [12] are surely not interested to ask unpleasant questions of how we got in this crisis in the first place. On the contrary, they use all means at their disposal to censure and suppress those who are asking how we managed to create societies where being ill is the norm; where having two, three, or more diseases is on the rise; where already babies or children are being diagnosed with illnesses which were not long ago common only among adults in old age; and where the obesity pandemic doesn’t move governments into action “to save lives” by confronting those who make huge profits by selling cheap junk food that has been stripped of nourishing forces to such degree that all it can do is to fill the stomach for an hour or two.

Even if the present corona pandemic were not statistically inflated it would be still just another symptom of over-diseased humanity on a global scale. Therefore it is sheer illusion to believe that it can be remedied with the same way of thinking and same methods of ‘healing’ which have brought humanity to the present apocalypse-like numbers of diseases. Any talk of ‘grim march of deadly virus’ is either a psychological projection of own immoral deeds, or an attempt to divert attention from the real culprits behind the deteriorating state of health of the present humanity.

THE ARTIFICIALLY BLOWN ‘APOCALYPTIC SCOPE’
OF THE PRESENT CORONA PANDEMIC

In the mainstream media and on the internet we are exposed around the clock to very detailed statistical data and charts which are showing confirmed cases of infections, of recovered cases and of deaths in various countries and on a global scale. One can find even web pages which are wholly dedicated to the aim to inform us about “everything you need to know about” the alarming increase of people infected and dying from ‘novel coronavirus disease’.

As we can see in the above chart, in the year 2017 there were 3.91 million of deaths due to respiratory diseases, 2.56 million due to lower respiratory diseases, and 1.18 million due to tuberculosis. [13] In total 7.65 million deaths due to various forms of respiratory diseases. Besides this, “2.56 million people died from pneumonia in 2017” [14] and “between 290.000 and 650.000 people die of flu, or ‘flu like illness’, every year” [15] in the world.

If such numbers are taken as an established norm for the introduction of the mass quarantine on the global scale, then we need to ask why this has not been done last year, and the year before, and so on. Dr Joel Kettner, professor of Community Health Sciences and Surgery at Manitoba University, former Chief Public Health Officer for Manitoba province and Medical Director of the International Centre for Infectious Diseases, is asking the same question:

“I have never seen anything like this, anything anywhere near like this. I’m not talking about the pandemic, because I’ve seen 30 of them, one every year. It is called influenza. And other respiratory illness viruses, we don’t always know what they are. But I’ve never seen this reaction, and I’m trying to understand why.” [16]

If we take into account the above statistical data of the deaths due to various forms of respiratory diseases we can see that the numbers of deaths attributed to Covid-19 are by any means well within the normal rate of deaths for the various forms of respiratory diseases per year.

But since the beginning of the corona pandemic they have been using on a grand scale many methods that enable the fabrication of the pandemic. In regard to ‘confirmed cases’ of the Covid-19 one needs just to realize that there is more than enough sound scientific evidence that PCR tests are not designed, nor useful, to detect if people are infected by SARS-Cov-2 virus (even if the existence of this virus had been proved). [17]

And in regard to the number of deaths the WHO, CDC (Center for Disease Control) and other governmental medical institutions in the USA and Europe have created the following legal basis and ‘incentives’ to enable the reporting of the ‘increasing’ numbers of Covid-deaths: [18]

If we single out just one method – that any person dying ‘with’ Covid-19, or ‘suspected symptoms of Covid-19’ is listed as ‘Covid death’, in spite of the fact that they had multiple long-term chronic illnesses – and remembering that worldwide each day at least 130.000 people die due to various forms of illnesses – we can see that there are plenty of ‘resources’ to keep the uninformed public in permanent fear of a ‘deadly viral disease’ by means of daily statistics.

One additional trick to make Covid-19 death statistics look more scary is to continue counting after the beginning of the new year. But even with the help of all methods which aid to inflate the numbers of people supposedly dying due to the ‘deadly killer-virus’, the number of deaths is still lower than the average total number of deaths due to various forms of respiratory diseases.

An intention to artificially inflate the number of deaths attributed to the corona pandemic can be seen in an attempt to demonstrate to the public the supposedly ‘disastrous’ effect of the Swedish approach without use of any lockdown restrictions. The first chart which was used in the media shows the number of all deaths in Sweden from the year 1900 to 2020. This chart seems to shows that the year 2020 (the time of corona pandemic) is the second worst year after the year 1918 (the time of Spanish flu pandemic). However, when we take into account that there is an obvious difference in the number of people living in Sweden then and now (see chart of population growth in Sweden) then we arrive at a completely different chart of mortality rate per population for the same period. This chart shows clearly that the number of deaths in 2020 is – with the exception of the period from 2014 to 2019 – below the number of annual deaths per population since 1900!

Cutting through the thicket of medical terminology in relation to the corona pandemic

For an average person is not an easy task to distinguish the various terms used by medical authorities, neither are all medical experts in an agreement about “what is what” in regard to the corona pandemic. According to WHO “the virus causing the current outbreak is called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, shortened to SARS-CoV-2. The disease is called coronavirus disease, shortened to Covid-19.” [19] But the term coronavirus “refers to a group of viruses that are common in humans: coronaviruses are the cause for around 30% of cases of the common cold.” [20]

According to Wikipedia “a respiratory tract infection is any of a number of infectious diseases involving the respiratory tract. Lower respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, tend to be far more serious conditions than upper respiratory infections, such as the common cold.” The present Covid-19 infection starts as upper respiratory infection which leads to the death only in those cases when it progresses to pneumonia, a type of lower respiratory infection. [21] But pneumonia is any type of “infection of the tiny air sacs of the lungs, called alveoli. In a person with pneumonia the alveoli are filled with pus and fluid, which makes breathing painful and reduces the oxygen intake. [22] Pneumonia is caused by a number of different infectious agents, including viruses, bacteria and fungi.” [23]

Here we have one example of the quite common practice among scientific researchers of using various terms for similar or even identical conditions. [24] This is usually not considered as a serious problem, but when we are dealing with such a serious crisis, as is the case of the corona pandemic, this became a significant source of misinterpretations in regard to the nature of the disease we are confronted with. If even virologists – medical experts in the field of infectious diseases – are not in agreement about its diagnosis, then we cannot expect that there will be set in place really effective measures to protect the public from the spread of the disease.

But what has been spreading due to this unclarity is the confusion among all those who have not attained any knowledge of the nature of a human being and the nature and origin of diseases.

The exaggerated danger of getting infected by a ‘deadly virus’

The next question is: Why are viruses promoted as the most dangerous risk factor in the present epidemic, if even some official statistics contradicts this extremely narrow point of view? Here is one example: [25]

If you look at the above chart with the aim to spot infection by viruses and bacteria as a risk factor, you’ll find them only within the following categories: Unsafe water source, Poor sanitation, No access to handwashing facility, and Unsafe sex. And even these risks are the outcome of bad living conditions and lack of proper education and not of bacteria and viruses in the first place.

As the above chart demonstrates there are many more serious risk factors that contribute to deaths of people in our times. But suddenly we are haunted by one single strain of the coronavirus family, SARS-CoV-2, presented as a dangerous threat to humanity with predictions of the possibility of eventually affecting 60% of the world population with a 10% fatality rate (i.e. 46 million dead) and similar apocalyptic scenarios. This is far from any objective scientific approach and reasonable assessment of all risk factors that contribute to mortality rates in our times.

From the spiritual scientific perspective all factors on the above list are consequences of spiritual causes in relation to the evolutionary task of humanity in the grand scheme of cosmic evolution. But even if we stay at the earthly level, we see many instances when underlying causes are missed out from the whole picture or observable consequences of something going amiss are presented as original causes.

In fact, materialistic science is not capable of explaining the real causes of diseases, for these causes are lying on the other side of the threshold that separates the spiritual world from the physical one. Only spiritual science is capable of entering the spiritual realm of truth, health and life and gives explanations of the causes of diseases and death.

The exaggerated numbers of people dying from the coronavirus

Another issue is the reliability of the statistical data of reported deaths attributed to coronavirus, demonstrated by the following story: “An elderly man (about 77 years old) with unmanaged diabetes who had been very resistant to taking his medications and modifying his diet for many years. Over the years, he had lost vision in one then the other eye due to diabetes. His kidneys were not working well. He collapsed one afternoon and was taken to the hospital. Within less than 24 hours, his kidneys failed, his lungs collapsed, he went into coma and passed away. He was reported as a ‘corona patient’ to his family and in the hospital report. He was buried not as a regular dead person but as a ‘corona’ person (without the regular Muslim ritual washing and prayers). The family was told to be in quarantine for at least 14 days.” [26]

This happened in Iran. But things are not much better in Europe. There is even a remarkable similarity with another ‘corona’ death in UK: "My brother in-law had been ill for several years, his conditions included kidney failure, diabetes, he had been on dialysis 3 times a week and in and out of hospital for a few years. Clearly in pain suffering and on medication. Not well at all. On the evening of 31st March he was admitted into a large north London hospital, he was kept in A&E then transferred to resuscitation unit & then ICU. At some point he was apparently tested for Coronavirus. We are unsure about this as when my wife spoke to the doc he did not seem that confident of this. At approximately 9-10pm the doctor informed my wife that there was nothing more they could do for him, my understanding is he was wheeled into the Blue Zone and all treatment was withdrawn and the doc made it clear he would not last to the morning. My wife could not visit him, or see her brother. He died at 2am on 1st April, his widow is now quarantined for 14 days alone at home. We don't know when the funeral will be, but it has been made clear only a few people can attend and they must practice social distancing. His mother and father are abroad and will not be able to attend their son’s funeral.” [27]

Mansoureh Tajik, an expert within the field of medical statistics, gives a good summary of the unreliability of present statistics: “I am speaking from the perspective of someone who has been in the field for years and is well-versed in the subject. It is from educational and experiential knowledge of someone who has collected, analyzed, and interpreted data in order to design and implement projects that could perhaps lower the rates of morbidity and mortalities from infectious and non-infectious diseases by a fraction, a decimal point, and just a few number in a thousand, or a hundred thousand population. Furthermore, for years and semester after semester, I had to teach students methods, approaches, analytical techniques about how to differentiate between apparent patterns of things (diseases, mortalities, toxins, pathogens, etc.) and their actual patterns. They have to be able to critically examine how to determine there is a causal link between a virus, for example, and a given disease, when there is an association, when there are co-factors and more.

With the current ‘pandemic’ situation, I see before me a series of ineptly-conducted non-systematic and haphazard data collection, opaque and questionable diagnostic procedures, falsely classified deaths, and more that are used as data points, numbers, and information to present some patterns as real. I ask myself why?

I listen to well-known ‘experts’ in the field (connected to WHO, Centre for Disease Control, National Institute for Health, and others) and I can see how, in a very crafty way, they try to conflate and augment Covid-19 with other factors, other numbers, and other events to make this real but manageable infectious disease into a giant crisis of global proportion that it is not. Again, I ask myself why?” [28]

The Need for Cultivation of the Inner Sense
for Reality by Means of Spiritual Science

From the spiritual scientific perspective it is an absolute necessity to ask questions. In the present age each individual “must become one who ask questions and convince himself through his innermost freedom of judgment.” [29] This is necessary if we want to free ourselves from any dogmatic form of belief, either religious or modern scientific one. Even if one “hear words of spiritual truth, convincing himself of it is something he has to do on his own. If he wishes to participate and be active in society and the community he must do so out of his innermost heart impulses.” [30]

Many people “feel on secure ground when they can reckon by means of figures, when they can prove things by statistics. At first nothing can stand up against figures because of the faith that is reposed in them. But later on one begins to see just how ‘reliable’ such figures are! Admittedly, figures are sometimes a means of proof, but if one goes beyond them and investigates more closely, one often notices things” [31] that do not fit into the narrative that is promoted by those who use them. Therefore “one has to approach things objectively. One must achieve truthfulness even in the smallest matters. If you cannot develop the urge for truthfulness in yourselves, you will always be open to the danger of being infected, influenced, by the untruthfulness that lives in the world.” [32]

Therefore one should not take for granted that we are dealing with realities when we listen to media reports and official statistics based on so-called ‘exact science’. For someone in the background can very easy manipulate the numbers to show the desired outcomes. “If one has a sense for reality, one cannot very well work with statistical methods of that kind; they do not hold out much promise. But such sense for reality is wholly lacking in modern humanity due to a certain necessity of the evolution of humanity.” [33]

Why is this so? “The man of ancient times looked into the outer world. By means of all that he bore within him, he viewed the relationships and connections of the world outside. He formed also his theory of the stars from out of his own inner stellar system. He had ‘a sense for reality’ and he carried it in his senses. This sense for reality has disappeared in the course of man’s evolution. It will have to be developed again, it will have to be developed to the same degree inwardly as it formerly was outwardly. We must really cultivate this sense for reality in our inner being by the training we receive in spiritual science; only then shall we be able to develop it in the world outside. If man were to keep straight on in the path in which he has been evolving with modern intellectuality, he would at length be quite unable to perceive what is going on around him.” [34]

In our times there are many people who are unable to perceive what is going on in the world. For example, some people think that it is not possible that all media would lie to us; and there are other people who believe that they are doing something good for others if they vaccinate themselves. And we could add many other self-deceptions that are held by otherwise quite clever people. But we should know better, for “it is because of the striving for truth – or rather the lack of striving for truth today – that current affairs are handled and things are said which are believed in the widest circles, although they are in fact nothing but absolute inversions of the truth. In an age when it is possible to make the truth conform to any kind of antipathy, passion or instinct, a great deal of effort will be needed in this age to awaken a strong sense for the truth which can then lead to a spiritual life.” [35]

So before one accepts the media narratives of ‘global apocalypse’ one should inform oneself from other more balanced sources. And even in such case one must stay vigilant and not accept anything without verification and cross-examination of available evidence. As it happens in any serious court trial one needs to take into the account all possible scenarios and motives of the people involved in the ‘crime’. Above all, one should not rush to any conclusion before living with the questions for a while and taking into account all possible viewpoints. Otherwise one finds himself/herself in a labyrinth of one-sided truths which are more dangerous than lies for the reason that they are partially correct and therefore it is much harder to find their faults if one doesn’t have enough knowledge and experience in the field of human health and in the extremely challenging topic of the true causes of human diseases – or in the interweaving fabric of the social relations!

For we are not dealing just with an issue of infectious disease but – due to the unprecedented level of intrusion in our personal spheres of life by the side of medical and governmental authorities – also with an issue of seriously diseased social organism. In both cases we are dealing with a living organism that cannot be made healthy again by means of materialistic way of thinking. “If the future is to contain hope, what must be striven for cannot be ‘of this world’. But that, of course, runs counter to man’s love of ease. It is more convenient to set up old customs as ideals and then to bask in the glow of self-congratulation; this is far pleasanter than to say: The great responsibility for the future must be shouldered, and this can be done only when striving for spiritual knowledge becomes a driving force in mankind. Therefore Easter today remains a festival of warning instead of being a festival of joy.” [36]

And the Easter of 2020 was the festival of warning to the extreme with ghost-like deserted cities, with people imprisoned in their homes and with closed churches, schools, artistic venues, restaurants, sport venues, etc. – in short, all places where people can meet and have social intercourse. Therefore it should be clear that what is really urgently needed – if we want to overcome either the present health crisis or the social crisis – is the resurrection of a new, absolutely free spiritual life of humanity, stimulated by the genuine search for true, all-encompassing understanding of the twofold, threefold and fourfold nature of the human being and the origin of illnesses. 

However, we need to be warned that “in spiritual science the facts and the way they relate to one another are not simple at all, but very complicated indeed. We have often stressed the complicated nature of these facts and have begged you to understand that although the general formulae, ideas and laws about the relationships between the different aspects of life which we receive from spiritual science are absolutely correct, nevertheless they are naturally extraordinarily complex in their application to actual cases.” [37] This is even more true when we are dealing with such extraordinary complex issues as they came to the fore due to so-called ‘corona pandemic’ in the last two years.

For an additional perspective see:

Three Main Culprits for the Present Worldwide Health Crisis

   NOTES

  1. One can find occasional warnings about the coming health crisis. For example: “It is demonstrably clear that the US health-care system is on an unsustainable path. If current trends continue – and there is no indication that they won’t – health care will consume 40% of the national economy by 2050. The problem is that this is a slow and steady decline, producing no crisis, no Pearl Harbor, no 9/11. As a result, we seem incapable of grappling with it seriously… Health care is the nation’s most serious long-term problem.” (Newsweek, 24.08.2009) And Timothy Geithner, Treasury Secretary in Obama’s Government, said in response to the question about the negative financial consequences caused by 2008 crisis: “If you listen carefully, the whole feel of politics – the fiscal policy is different today. There’s much more realism than we’ve seen in a long time. There’s a broader appreciation that unless you bring the growth of health-care costs down, we’re not going to be able to address the long-term financial deficits.” (Newsweek, June 2009)
  2. Global, Regional, and National Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases for 10 Causes, 1990 to 2015, Journal of American College of Cardiology, 4 July 2017
  3. NHS Overview - Pacemaker implantation, April 2020
  4. Article Have a Heart, Santa, Sunday Times, 18 December 2005
  5. Cancer Research UK, Worldwide Cancer Statistics, April 2020
  6. As above
  7. Diabetes Facts & Figures, April 2020
  8. My lecture notes; data taken from unknown source.
  9. 86% of Brits have suffered from gastrointestinal problem in the past year, February 2016
  10. WHO, Obesity and Overweight, 3 March 2020
  11. Source: Our World in Data/Causes of Death. The latest data available on this website is from the year 2017. One might wonder why it takes about two years to create these global statistics, while in the case of coronavirus infections and deaths we have fresh updates on a daily basis.
  12. The reasons why modern medicine is contributing to the present escalation of diseases are plenty. Some of them are presented in the following texts: Mechanistic Medical Industry as the Second Main Culprit for the Present Increase of Diseases and The Dominance of Orthodox Medical Approach and the Industrialisation of Medical Care.
  13. Same source as in the note 11
  14. Source: Our World of Data/Pneumonia
  15. OffGuardian, Covid19 Death Figures “A Substantial Over-Estimate”, 5 April 2020  
  16. Global Research, 12 Experts Questioning the Coronavirus Panic, 24 March 2020
  17. See selection of articles About PCR Tests and Protection
  18. Sources: Covid19 Death Figures “A Substantial Over-Estimate”, CDC Violated Law to Inflate Covid Cases and Fatalities, US Physician: ‘CDC and US Government Are Inflating Covid-19 Death Count’, Video: The Real Virus Plaguing Humanity. The Numbers of Corona Deaths are Being Skewed, Chronic Corruption Part III: President Stands Against CDC
  19. Source: Our World of Data/Coronavirus
  20. As above
  21. For an explanation of the various stages of Covid-19 disease see the Interview with the member of the Russian Academy of Science Alexander Chuchalin.
  22. The emergence of pus and fluid that reduces the oxygen intake is the reason for the use of oxygen and ventilators in the serious cases of Covid-19.
  23. Source: Our World of Data/Pneumonia
  24. For eample, we encounter terms such as acute respiratory distress syndrome, novel coronavirus pneumonia, high consequence infectious disease, interstitial pneumonia – all related to Covid-19.
  25. Source: Our World in Data/Causes of Death
  26. Mansoureh Tajik, COVID: An Infectious Disease and a Phantom Pandemic, 28 March 2020
  27. UK Column News, 3 April 2020; (from the 34th to 40th minute)
  28. See note 26
  29. Rudolf Steiner, Dornach, 17.04.1921, The Mysteries of the Holy Grail, Rudolf Steiner Press, 2010
  30. As above
  31. Rudolf Steiner, Dornach, 01.11.1919; www.rsarchive.org
  32. Rudolf Steiner, Dornach, 13.01.1917; Rudolf Steiner Press, 1992
  33. Rudolf Steiner, Dornach, 01.05.1920; Man: Hieroglyph of the Universe, rsarchive.org
  34. As above
  35. Rudolf Steiner, Dornach, 31.12.1916; Karma of Untruthfulness, Vol. I, Rudolf Steiner Press, 1988
  36. Rudolf Steiner, Dornach, 03.04.1920; www.rsarchive.org
  37. See note 33